Teaching is a highly noble profession and teachers are in great demand all across the globe. Teachers are not just educated and trained to teach but also to deal with students and different situations, and become a catalyst in their growth. Teachers teach at different levels such as the pre-primary, primary, secondary, senior secondary and university levels. Then there are specialist teachers also who teach subjects such as art, computers, physical education, yoga, music, dance, etc. or teach handicapped students, children with special needs or disabled learners.
Teacher Eligibility Test (TET) is an Indian entrance exam for teachers. TET was introduced by the Government of India in order to improve the standards in the teaching field. The test is mandatory for getting teaching jobs in government schools from Class 1st to 8th. Paper I is meant for teachers who want to teach students of Class 1st to 5th and Paper II for those who want to teach students of Class 6th to 8th. It is conducted by both Central government and State governments. Most states conduct their own TET.
Those who have completed Class XII in any subject followed by training in polytechnic, vocational training centers or Montessori Teacher training schools followed by diploma in education or Bachelors in education (B.Ed.) or a Graduation degree in Home Science also serve as primary teachers. These are Trained Graduate Teachers (TGT’s) and after Post-graduation are Postgraduate Trained Teachers (PGT’s).
There are several correspondence and distance education courses for those who are interested in the teaching field. There are separate institutions and courses for special teachers such as teachers for the blind, deaf and dumb, mentally retarded, etc.